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Rekhmire (Sheikh Abd El-Qurna - TT10)

Who Was Rekhmire?


Rekhmire was a wizier during the reign of Tuthmose III and Amenhotep II in ancient Egypt's eighteenth dynasty. He also had the title of Governor of the Rekhmire. He was amongst the highest civil officers of the area and was also responsible for administrating the area from Aswan to Assiut. He was also the Steward of the Temple of Amun at Karnak and the mayor of Thebes. The text explanation of his professional duties is among the most important administrative texts of the New Kingdom. Everything about Rekhmire except brief details on ostracon and papyrus is known from his tomb, TT 100, which lies in the Sheikh Abd el Qurna area in Egypt.



Tomb TT 100


The tomb of Rekhmire, TT100, is a T-shaped structure in the traditional design. The unusual features include a long passage with an ending that features a steeply sloping ceiling. The burial shaft is missing, however, indicating that Rekhmire was not buried in this tomb, but another tomb linked to his name has also not been found. The hall and the passage are magnificently decorated with scenes from daily life and are exceptionally well-preserved. The scene's details make this tomb one of the most interesting places in the entire necropolis.


The tomb plan is like most other private tombs. It's a simple plan with a courtyard followed by a 20-meter long vestibule. After this is a 25 meter long chapel. The chapel seems to be the most attractive part of the tomb with an interesting ceiling design. The ceiling design offers enough space for a fine decorative design. 


Decorations Inside The Tomb


Decorations begin in the vestibule in an archaic style similar to the tombs of the Middle Kingdom leading to a chapel depicting exceptional works of art. Themes like Opening of the Mouth ritual, Beautiful Feast of the Valley festival can be seen. Also, unique scenes depicting daily life were also found. Most paintings were well preserved with most colors resisting the test of time. The wall of the vestibule has five wall scenes showing scenes from Upper Egypt. Most walls inside the tomb depict various phases from Rekhmire’s life along with aspects of his relatives' lifves. Scenes of fishing, winemaking, and hunting can also be seen.


The height of chapel's ceiling makes it difficult for visitors to see the decorations on the upper part of the chamber. The walls of the chapel have six tableaus with Rekhmire supervising the gathering and food preparation for the temple. Also, scenes with eight registers showing labor work at Amun’s temple can be seen.


The Final Word


TT100 is among the finest private tombs on the West Bank at Luxor, and the artwork throughout the tomb highlights the extraordinary talent of the craftsmen and artists who contributed to its constructiona and decoration.

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