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Seth - The God Of Chaos

Seth was the ancient Egyptian god of chaos and represented everything that threatened harmony in the nation. He was the brother and husband of Nephthys and the brother of Isis and Osiris. His cult is believed to be the oldest in Egypt and Seth seems to have had plenty of mayhem attributed to him. Over time the concept of Seth changed in Egypt as initially he was known as a beneficial god who lived in the blessed realm. It’s said that at first Egyptians prayed and worshipped Seth so that he would take care of the dead family members, but over time he became seen as much more evil. Nonetheless, Seth continued to be worshipped for his power and ability to create chaos and violent force. 





Various Forms Of Seth



Usually Seth was depicted as a man with the head of an animal that was known as a "Seth animal" and had a tall nose, rectangular ears and a thin canine body with a long, forked tail. The body of this animal had fur tufts which were shaped like inverted arrows. Most images of Seth show him holding an ankh in one hand and a was staff in another. The staff was a long staff which has the head of a Seth animal on top and was forked at the bottom.


Seth was also illustrated as different animals like the antelope, the boar, the ass and the crocodile. He was also associated with some poisonous creatures like the scorpion, snakes and sometimes as a hippopotamus.


Seth was the personification of drought and as lord of the desert and the drought, he was an opponent of everything that bore life. He was also known by Egyptians as the god of war and storms. Seth was linked with the planet mercury and the color red. The people thus hated people with red skin and even killed animals having red fur because they thought they were related to Seth and his influence. 


The Power Of Seth



It’s believed that Seth was among the two gods who gave pharaohs power and authority and was thus respected a lot for his chaotic powers. Some kings were also named after his name and many others used the Seth animal as part of their emblem to demonstrate their dominance and frightening power.


In Egypt, there are two main festivals linked with the god Seth’s worship. One is among the five intercalary days which were celebrated just before the New Year started. The five days were celebrated as birthdays of the five osiranian gods. The second festival to his honor was a ritual reenactment that reenacted Horus’ defeat of Seth.


Templates of Seth


Tukh or Ombos is one of the centers where god Seth was worshipped. Most of the temple is now destroyed but the remains date to the New Kingdom period. A huge scepter was found here which was dedicated by Amenhotep III to Seth and is said to be the largest scepter object ever found in Egypt. Another center of worship was Avaris, the capital of the Hyksos people. The Hyksos people worshipped Seth as a powerful storm god.


Artifacts Related To Seth


Images on temples are the most common artifacts associated with Seth. The images also illustrate the many myths linked with him. The scepters in the temples of Seth are believed to be dedications to the god made by pharaohs and Seth worshippers.

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